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Translating RNA into Protein. The idea that protein is definitely produced from RNA, which often is obviously made from DNA, types the main dogma of molecular biology.
The Genetic Code
In the same way nucleic acids are polymers of nucleotides, proteins are chains of smaller molecules called proteins; 20 amino acids commonly come in every types. Just like the principal framework of a nucleic acid is written by your order of the nucleotides, the main framework of a protein could be the purchase of their proteins. Some proteins are comprised of several subchains called polypeptides, although some are created of a polypeptide that is single see Figure 1.